One of the little
known facts about the City of Lancaster is that it was
actually the U.S. Capital for one day back in 1877.
History was made here
in Lancaster Country, and it's been preserved here. You can
follow the march of history at dozens of locations throughout
the city and county, including James Buchanan's Wheatland, the
fully-restored home of President James Buchanan; the Fulton
Opera House; the Strasburg Railroad; and the Ephrata Cloister.
A guided walking tour
of the city's spotless, tree-lined streets, restored brick
homes, and historic churches is sure to take you back to
Colonial times. Or take in the sights, sounds and aromas of
Central Market, America's oldest publicly owned, continuously
operated farmer's market, located just off of the city's
The Amish were among a
variety of religious sects from Germany and Switzerland who
were drawn here in the early 1700's by the rich farmland and
William Penn's promise of religious freedom. It is not certain
what is the true origin of the term "Pennsylvania Dutch."
According to some, it came from English-speaking settlers who
confused the German and Swiss spoken by the Amish and
Mennonites with words that sounded similar in Dutch. Another
possible origin is that over time, the word Deutsch
(German) was simply replaced by "Dutch."