{short description of image} 1st Traveler's Choice

Photo of ... in the Five College Area / Pioneer Valley in Western Massachusetts

Destination:
The Five College Area / Pioneer Valley
of Western Massachusetts

Leverett ... New Salem
Introduction

Lodging

Location

Norwottuck Rail Trail

Museums, Galleries, and the Arts

Attractions

Recreation

University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Smith College

Amherst College and Hampshire College

Mount Holyoke College
Leverett

Leverett is named after a British rebel who spoke out in support of religious freedom. Sir John Leverett, a friend of Oliver Cromwell before Charles II ascended to the throne, was an outspoken opponent of King Charles' Laws of Trade and opined that the colonists should enjoy full freedom of religion.

The same religious freedom that Leverett championed is now seen in abundance in his namesake community, which is home to a Congregational Church, a Baptist church, the North Leverett Baptist Church, the Quaker Friends Meetinghouse, temples for both Japanese Buddhists and Cambodian Buddhists, and the Guru Ram Dass Ashram community.

Leverett first came into being in 1774 after breaking free of the town of Sunderland. The states' General Court later convened to honor Sir John Leverett, who was Massachusetts Bay Colony governor when Sunderland was settled, by lending his name to the fledgling community.

New Salem

New Salem's history began on December 31, 1734, when the General Court granted a township six miles square to 60 residents of Salem, who then set about recruiting settlers.

The town was governed by Salem until being incorporated on June 15, 1753. Up until that time, the settlers relied on farming for subsistence. Industries that eventually developed were sawmills, gristmills and tanneries. The town also became well known for the production of palm leaf hats and butter, and for supplying ferns and laurel to florists throughout North America.

The town was on the route taken by Captain Daniel Shays and his men in 1787 during Shays Rebellion. Route 202, which runs the length of New Salem, is named Daniel Shays Highway. Some 10 years before Shays' march, the town was part of the route traveled by 1,000 Hessian captives who were being taken from Saratoga, N. Y. to the Boston area. A road named Hessian Lane and a stone marker commemorate the occasion.

The town was impacted greatly by the building of the Quabbin Reservoir during the 1930's. Much of the town is off-limits wilderness controlled by the Metropolitan District Commission, which oversees the Quabbin. Three streets leading from the town common end at Quabbin gates.

The Five College Area
Bed & Breakfast Association
P.O. Box 3252, Amherst, MA 01004
______________________________
Towns
Amherst
Ashfield
Belchertown
Bernardston
Chesterfield
Conway
Cummington
Deerfield
Easthampton
Goshen
Granby
Greenfield
Hadley
Hatfield
Huntington
Leverett
New Salem
Northampton
Pelham
Plainfield
Shutesbury
South Hadley
Southampton
Springfield
Sunderland
Westhampton
Whately
Williamsburg
Worthington
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Introduction ..... Lodging .... Norwottuck Rail Trail Museums, Galleries, and the Arts ..... Attractions ..... Recreation ..... University of Massachusetts at Amherst ..... Smith College Amherst College and Hampshire College ..... Mount Holyoke College


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